This Multi-disciplinary Research Journal (MRJ) of PSU-OUS is a worthy project initiated by the Office of the Vice President for Research and Extension, Office of the Executive Director for Research and Development, Office of the Director for Proposals and Publication, and Office of the Executive Director of PSU-OUS. It aims to give an opportunity for faculty and student-researchers of PSU-OUS to publish their outputs in print and in digital media, in a wide array of disciplines to reach out more readers around the globe. It also supports PSU’s Strategic Goals (SG) particularly, SG No. 2 Strong Research Culture and Technology Transfer and SG No. 5 Responsive to Globalization and Diversity.